Death Penalty

Most of us are taught at a young age that two wrongs don’t make a right and I think that it holds true in regards to the death penalty. Human Rights apply to everyone, and I am in opposition of the death penalty because it robs people of those very human rights. The premeditated killing of another human as punishment for a crime violates an individual’s right to life as proclaimed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in December 1948, recognizes each person’s right to life.

Article 5 states that “No one shall be objected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment” (UN General Assembly, 1948). Even though someone might be guilty of an Inhuman act, It doesn’t give the Justice system to retaliate In a cruel manner. It is especially cruel when an innocent person is convicted of crimes that they did not commit. Capital punishment is unjust because there is a risk of executing an innocent person. “Since 1973 more than 120 people have had their death row convictions overturned, and DNA testing has resulted in 200 non-capital cases to be overturned since 1989” (Gill, n. D. ).

For instance, Gary Graham was killed with lethal ejections for a murder he wasn’t guilty of that took place in a Texas parking lot in 2000. Graham was convicted only on racial identification from a woman who saw the crime occur during the night, roughly thirty feet away (Blush Legal Clinic, n. D. ). “Since humans are fallible, the risk of executing the Innocent can never be eliminated” (U. S. Death Penalty Facts. 2013). In the end, Graham’s rights were violated because the courts rejected his lawyer’s pleas to present more evidence to the Jury and he was convicted due to the fact that e was black and fit the description of the eye witness.

It may have cost the courts more time and money, but an innocent man would have lived, and you can’t put a price on life. While I don’t believe you can put a price on life, many argue for the death penalty because they believe it would cost the tax payers less money. The truth is that it would actually cost more. Trials in which the prosecutor is seeking a death sentence have two separate phases: conviction (where the accused is found either guilty or innocent) and sentencing. In addition, there are special motions, it sakes longer to pick a Jury, and there are more investigative costs.

Also, “when a death penalty trial results In a verdict less than death or Is reversed, taxpayers first incur all the extra costs of capital pretrial and trial proceedings and then must also pay either for the cost of Incarcerating the prisoner for life or the costs of a retrial which often leads too life sentence” (U. S. Death Penalty Facts. 2013). You can look at California, a state that uses the death penalty as an example. “In California the without the death penalty’ (U. S. Death Penalty Facts. 2013).

There are much better sees for that money (schools, police, mental health, public health) that would benefit our communities and help cut back on crime rates. Many believe that implementing the death penalty will help lower crime rates that are on a scary and steady rise. “According to a government survey that was Just released, violent crime in the United States increased by 15 percent last year, and property crime was up by 12 percent” (Snyder, 2013). It’s frightening to turn on the news and hear about the horrific crimes being committed on a daily basis.

It is logical to think that the idea of he death penalty would deter people from committing crimes in the first place. Just the idea that I could get grounded stops me from doing anything stupid. Ironically, in a state-by-state analysis, it was found that during the last 20 years, the homicide rate in states with the death penalty has been 48% to 101% percent higher than in states without the death penalty (Banner & Fastened, 2000). Since the threat of the death penalty hasn’t proved to lower crime, and innocent people have been put to death for crimes they didn’t commit, I believe that the death penalty is unethical and should be abolished.

I believe the death penalty is unethical and that no person should have the right to sentence another to death. Even though the criminal’s actions were horrible, nothing good can come out of killing someone else. “An eye for an eye” is not an ethical way of thinking. I don’t believe it will ever be possible to carry out capital punishment in a fair, Just, cost effective way and therefore should be abolished. Life spent rotting away in prison without any freedom, hopefully haunted by nightmares of all the damage they have done is the best punishment.

Death Penalty

Capital punishment Is used as an instrument for the Judicial system to right a wrong that has been committed against society. Since the sass the laws surrounding the capital punishment issue have been refined through the judicial and legislature systems to the current use of today. The death penalty rests on strong foundation of symmetry and rightness. 11 The primary goal has evolved from one for state security to a more focused goal of doing Justice and controlling crime, 1 2 The globalization and the inequality are both factors in the controversy of the deterrence of capital enmeshment.

Cesar Bonanza did Bacteria, a philosopher in Italy, wrote “An Essay on Crime and Punishment” in 1764. 8 The concerns he stated about the use of death as a punishment are very much the same today of Judicial failures, inequality, and effect of deterrence. Bacteria’s review was translated Into several languages and very well known throughout the world in 1764 He is regarded as the most influential person in changing society’s perception of the death penalty. The controversy surrounding the use of capital punishment has been a constant since the sass.

The Issues of use are doted deep globally along with the Injustices of Inequality and the deterrence effect. Bacteria felt the judicial system had failed in interpretation of the law and making the law obscure. 8 Capital punishment has been used worldwide at some point in history. Ancient legal codes, from the Code of Hamburg in 1 750 B. C. To the Code of Theodosius In 438 A. D. , have documented the use of death as punishment-4 During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries there were one hundred sixty crimes punishable by death in England. It was during this time that Bacteria wrote his say bringing the injustices to the forefront for the world to review. Just recently, in the rand sass’s, Western Europe took the stance that the death penalty was no longer needed In their society. Britain paved the way for abolishing the death penalty In 1 965 after several decades of legislation. 12 Since then a majority of Western Europe and North America have abolished the death penalty. The death penalty is still used In China, Australia, Singapore, and Japan, with China leading the world In executions. The need of international cooperation on such matters as defense, drug enforcement, economics, and human rights is crucial for the united States as well as the countries around the world. 7 As international organizations, such as North Atlantic Treaty, otherwise known as NATO, and the united Nations, discuss human rights the death penalty has been on the list of acceptance or not. The united States refusal to take any significant steps about the death penalty has hurt relations and prestige with other world leaders.

Allies have been alienated because the U. S. Would not sign two of the most important human rights treaties of the century due to the death penalty clause In the trestles. 7 Most European countries will not extradite suspects to the U. S. If the death penalty could be imposed. 13 A recent example of this was in 2001 when Frederick Russell was charged with vehicular homicide and assault when he hit a car killing three people and injuring three near Pullman, Washington. He was released on ball and fled to Dublin, Ireland.

In 2005 he was taken Into custody In Ireland but they would not extradite unless the death penalty was not an option. Mr.. Russell was finally extradited in 2006 and is currently serving 1 OFF SE of the death penalty the majority of the people support the use of the death penalty in the most serious of crimes. The abolishing of the death penalty in Western Europe is primarily due to the political system and not the will of the people. 13 The historical roots of the death penalty in the United States goes back to the colonial days more than 400 years ago. The first execution in America was in 1608, Captain George Kendall, for spying, and the first murderer, John Billing, was executed in 1630. 9 During the 17th and 18th century the death penalty was utilized because here were no prisons, the deterrence effect, retribution, and penitence. 10 During the sass’s-ass’s, America started to question the use of the death penalty for certain crimes. 10 In the sass’s crimes of petty offenses and witchcraft were deserving of death that was becoming under scrutiny. After the American Revolution, Thomas Jefferson proposed a bill in the U. S.

Congress limiting the death penalty to murder and treason, but was soundly defeated. The bill did start the rumblings of reform at the state level. The first revision of the death penalty was in the state of Virginia in 777, limiting it to being used for only treason and murder. 10 Further reform of the death penalty started in 1793 with degrees of murder, ending public executions, ending mandatory death penalties, humiliating methods of execution, federal appellate review, and states abolishing the death penalty. 13 The use and support of the death penalty has vacillated throughout history.

Death penalty executions fell during the sass’s and surged in the sass’s due to the increase of crime, secondary to prohibition. When prohibition ended murder rates decreased and so did the support of capital punishment. Between 1953 and 1967 the support of the death penalty fell below fifty percent. When the murder rate doubled between 1965 and 1980 support increased too high of eighty percent in 1994. 1 The U. S. Supreme Court did not get involved in the constitutionality of the death penalty until the mid sass’s. In 1972 the court heard the case of Farman vs.. Georgia and ruled that the application constituted cruel and unusual punishment. 5 Then in 1976 the court heard the case of Gregg vs.. Georgia where the U. S. Supreme Court was asked to rule on the constitutionality of the death penalty. This case ruled that the death penalty was constitutional but was arbitrarily applied and must be imposed in a more consistent and rational manner. These cases caused the states to draft new death penalty laws. 9 In 2002 and 2007 the U. S.

Supreme Court heard several cases that further limited the sentence of the death penalty. The mentally retarded and Juvenile suspects could not be sentenced to death and only homicides with aggravating circumstances could potentially receive the death penalty. 2 Today, the death penalty is used in less than one percent of all murder cases. 3 The use is applied to the worst of worst cases as in the Oklahoma City bombing where Timothy McVeigh received the death penalty. 2 The remaining 99 percent that have been convicted of murder have received the “life without parole” sentence.

This sentence has allowed the Judicial system another option for the public to feel safe knowing that the criminal cannot harm anyone again. The inequality of the death penalty system has been apparent since the sass’s and was a concern of Bacteria when he wrote his paper in 1764. The risks include race, unequal application, and ineffective presentation. 9 Reality of the death penalty is that it is shaped by the constraints of death penalty in the sass’s and ass’s brought adjustments to the sentencing of the death penalty due to race.

During 1930-1967, ninety percent of the death row inmates were black after the rulings of the Supreme Court in the sass’s the percentage dropped to forty one percent. L The most surprising finding of the unfairness of capital punishment is geography. 2 Location more than any other factor is strongly associated with the decision of seeking the death penalty. Offenders are not only sentenced inconsistently but also executed at wildly different rates and different places. L Since 1976 Just over 1000 executions had taken place in the United States with half coming from Texas, Oklahoma, and Virginia. The Jurisdictional difference is not illegal or wrong but reflects the will of the people. L The inability of the poor to obtain adequate legal assistance has been a concern. 13 Professor Erwin Chemistry, a highly regarded academic, stated ” The single largest variable that would predict whether a capital defendant would be sentenced o death is whether or not that person had a privately retained counsel or court appointed lawyer. “2 Bacteria also noted an inequality between the nobles and commoners in the sass. The most controversial topic of the death penalty is whether or not it is a deterrent factor. Much research has been done on this topic with varying opinions on the effect. It is generally accepted that when the death penalty is swiftly applied, frequently utilized, and imposed with the right amount of publicity there is a definite deterrent effect. 12 Bacteria even stated that an immediate punishment is more useful. The very structure of the criminal Justice system in the United States raises substantial obstacles to the death penalty’s deterrent factor.

There is no American criminal Justice system but rather 3,141 criminal Justice systems making the results of the deterrent factor obscure. 1 Over the last 30 years, the U. S. Has taken a “get tough” approach to crime that has increased incarceration rates by six fold while decreasing violent crime. 2 It cannot be denied that the possibility of receiving the death penalty sentence has played a part of the change, which substantiates the deterrent effect. The death penalty has persisted in the civilized world since the eighteenth century.

Bacteria summarized the need for punishment as no other than to prevent others from committing the like offense and that the degree of punishment needs to reflect the crime. 8 The ability to restore legal order, insure safety and remind people that there are consequences to actions are the basis of the usage of capital punishment. Al Ideally each death penalty state needs to have an identical approach in order to eliminate discrepancies in the treatment of capital appeal cases. L Conflicting versions of humanitarian imperatives globally have redefined the use or abolishment of the death penalty.

The concerns posed by the death penalty is whether or not a democratic political system can make decisions that both serves legitimate goals of public policy and commands the respect of fair minded people at home and abroad. L The death penalty requires complete reliable procedures that leave no question of fairness or injustice unanswered. 13 The explanation of the of worst cases that are truly deserving with the hope for an improved process of determining the proper sentencing. 2

Death penalty

Did you know, the first legal document know for death penalty was written In the sass’s B. C. , 25 crimes were punishable by death (Example: cheating on your husband/Wolfe, killing someone, or raping) In 1608, Jamestown Virginia the first example of capital punishment was held on Captain George by hanging him for the reason of capital offense of treason. Capital punishment does still reflects the needs, want, and demands of American citizens because; life in prison is very expensive for he government and the people, the people will become more afraid of committing murders, and murderer deserve to die.

To start, capital punishment still reflects the needs, wants, and demands of citizens because of life in prison are very expensive. This means that the government has to pay all the need of the prisoners like; their food, a bed to sleep, utilities and even the when they have to talk to their relative or lawyer. To retrieve their money the government has to Increase the tax rate and this effects the human population cause they have to pay more tax each year.

Some people think that death penalty Is more expensive, but this Is stated false by Dudley Sharp “Justice for all estimates equivalent penalty cases”. According to William J. Brenan death penalty is unconstitutional because “It treats member of human race as inhuman and as an object to be toyed”. However Bruce Freon said “The death penalty honors humans dignity by treating the defendant as a free moral actor able to control his own destiny for good or for ill”.

For example in 1972 death penalty was violating he 8th and 4th amendments but the Supreme Court overturn the decision because they thought that this was a fair way to punish people’s who had kill other people. To continue, a second reason that still reflects the needs, wants, and demands of citizens for capital punishment is that people will be more afraid to commit murders as said by Ernest van Den Hag “Nothing will deter a criminal more than the fear of death and life In prison Is less feared.

Murderers must be executed as long as It Is merely possible that their execution protects citizens from future murder”‘. One of the evidence that support this quotation is that since there’s more execution, there’s less murder committed, when capital punishment was banned the number of murder committed by strangers had returned, and in 1960, 90% of the murder where crime of passion, and at this point capital punishment was banned.

Some people disagree to this because they think that the government could have made a wrong decision and an innocent person was executed but this is a false statement because persons like Ted Bundy who was a serial killer that killed around 50 women ND after killing them kept some of the women’s head or other body parts In his own refrigerator are not meant to be alive.

To finish, the last reason that still reflects the need, want, and demands of a colleens for capital punishment is that the murderers are fully deserved to die. This mean live because they didn’t let the other person so why should the government not execute him and if don’t get the death penalty they may kill other person if they get out of prison. However some people think that it is wrong but was mark false by Bruce Freon “The crimes of rape, torture, treason, kidnapping, murder, larceny, and perjury must be punished”.

Evidence that supports this is the event that took place on April 19, 1995 in Oklahoma City; bomber Timothy Mac Veggie killed 168 people and was fully deserved to be executed. In conclusion, did you know, in 1960 Raining Beth became the last person to be publicly executed in U. S. ; he was hanged for rapping and murdering women and was reported as “Carnival in Newsroom” Also on august 6, 1890 the first execution be electrocution was held in New-York.

Death penalty

Referee Persuasive Speech against the death penalty Today I want to inform you about a very, very serious topic. This topic deals with live and death. I want to give you my personal opinion as well as some basic facts against the death penalty in the LISA that is still used as a normal punishment for murderers in many states – for example Ohio.

I think the death penalty Is a very cruel, violent and In human way to punish a person. For me It seems more as a revenge than doing Justice. It Is not morally or religious excusable to take away someone’s life – no matter what he or she did. Every one of you, who Is Christian or maybe belongs to another religion is actually supposed to be AGAINST the death penalty just like me as it is a clear violation against the commandments in the bible. The 6.

Rule says: Do not Murder. Also, I really cannot understand, how the government can still enforce the death penalty, while it should actually have the responsibility to protect the society. By trying to Judge what the right action is and thereby deciding about live or death of a unman being, the government plays god. NONE is able to be so sure and know what was and is right or wrong – and there is always -always – a chance that the person who Is going to die Is actually innocent.

By using death as punishment the government also Impinges upon Its own human rights: Article 3 of the human rights, established by the united Nations and signed by the USA says: Every human being has the right of live, of freedom, and of personal safety. In my opinion the state should make better provisions against daily murders, rather than doing revenge afterwards. Furthermore, so far, no studies could ever rove that the death penalty is scaring the people enough not to commit crimes.

In fact, there are even many states WITH death penalty that have less murders than states where it still exists. – if you want to commit a crime – f. Ex. Terrorists Neither has any study ever proved that persons who are guilty of murder will kill again. So, the death penalty Is pointless and make no sense. The committee has no chance to rethink, probably regret his action, and start a better life In the future. Don’t you think like me? I can really not understand how there can be so much world more fair. Be against the death penalty

Death Penalty

We’re all in school one day going about our dally lives, and slowly we start hearing murmurs that something has happened a few towns over. Is It a shooting, Just a suspicious person walking around, a robbery? We all begin to question and then we hear an announcement In the halls, a mass-murder has occurred In an elementary school not too far away where many of us know little kids who attended the school. Kids and teachers ask themselves how someone can do such a thing to innocent little children and feel no remorse. Unfortunately, things like this occur all the time, maybe to as severe as the Sandy Hook incident but there are evil people in this world. For a person to commit such a crime as killing someone them themselves should be put to death. In a Just society, the punishment should equal the seriousness of the offense. The death penalty started a long time ago in the eighteenth century and has grown into many other countries including the United States. As of now, there are 18 states without the death penalty and 32 with it. I believe that with the death penalty it shows the society commitment to stopping heinous crimes.

If people were to think bout one’s they love and then see them being In a murder case like the one above, they would want that person to suffer as much as their family member did. The death penalty gives closure to the family and Justice Is better served. “Life In prison just means the criminal is still around to haunt the victim. ” In prison, the criminal gets food and a place to sleep; it’s not too bad. Why do they deserve to live when the other person had no choice? If they get life in prison there’s nothing that would stop them from continuing to murder in prison because they’ll be there no matter what.

The biggest reason to have the death penalty is to stop a terrible crime from happening again. Prisons across the country are facing the problem of overpopulation. There’s not enough room for everyone and all their crimes In Jail. Each prisoner includes clothes, food, bedding, guards, and more. Without the death penalty and Just life In Jail that’s a cell that’s occupied for a long time when It could be used plenty of times on different prisoners. Without enough guards because of the amount of all the prisoners can cause escapes from jail with a possibility of a crime/murder spree.

It is al very scary to think about, by eliminating the people that do not deserve to live because of their evil ways it may make that type of crime rate go down. If a criminal knows they will be put to death following their crime it could prevent one from wanting to do it. Instead of just thinking, “Oh well I’ll be put in jail with food, clothing, and shelter that’s not even too bad. ” “Mass murderers and serial murderers will always refined. It is who they are. Treat them as they would treat you, with complete harshness and no empathy. This process should be bought to a quick resolution, no ears and years of appeals, Just get it done. This punishment Just protects citizens from living In fear and not feeling safe. In Maryland, what happens with the death penalty Is the sentence Is decided by or commutation, and then the execution is carried out by a lethal injection at the Maryland State Penitentiary in Baltimore. If every state were like this everyone would feel more safe knowing such a criminal couldn’t harm him or her anymore. “The 775 killers who were executed between 1998 and 2008 had murdered at least 1591 people. That is an average of 2 victims per executed killer.

It is scary to think about the type of people we have living in the world and unless they are executed after their terrible crimes many families and people will live in fear that they could come out somehow and do it all over again. At the end of my research I found a very important quote by Mike Rooky “It’s because I have so much regard for human life that I favor capital punishment. Murder is the most terrible crime there is. Anything less than the death penalty is an insult to the victim and society. It says… That we don’t value the victim’s life enough to punish the killer fully. ”

Death penalty

Should the death penalty be treated as a punishment to violent criminals? “Punishment ants are imposed on persons, not on… Economic groups. Guilt is personal. The only relevant question is: does the person to be executed deserve the punishment? Whether or not others deserved the same punishment, whatever the economic or racial group, have avoided execution is relive ant. ” (Procom. Org)”.

I am Interested In this topic because I’ve read plenty of articles and watt ached documentaries where people have been wrongfully convicted for crimes that they did t commit and are sentenced with the death penalty. A fees years later new evidenced & DNA surfaces and they (Judicial System) realized the wrong individual was convicted and put to death for nothing. No w what? I believe that any individual who commits a crime should be punished for it, however,the dead h penalty should not be used as a method of punishment during sentencing.

Today, there are debate on w whether the death penalty is economically, morally, and legally Justifiable, or still Just cruel and inhuman Prior to doing this report I knew that congress or state legislature can Issue the capita enmeshment also known as the death penalty. Which is when a person is put to death by a lethal Injection In most cases by the state as a punishment for a crime such as murder.

These type of crimes are known as capital crimes or capital offences. I also knew that the death penalty in the U. S and other countries is discriminatory against the poor, minorities, and members of racial ethnicity and roller us communities. Furthermore this law have caused plenty of innocent individuals their lives. Although this act have being going on since the beginning of time It’s cruel and violation of human rights. 1 OFF

Death penalty

What is Capital punishment? Capital punishment is the death penalty. It is used today as a consequence for harsh crimes. The death penalty can be very controversial on the history of the death penalty, worldwide use of the death penalty, and the possibility of killing someone who Is Innocent. It does not bring closure to families. The death penalty doesn’t necessarily help families of murder victims. Murder victim family members have testified that the drawn-out death penalty process is painful for them and that life without parole is an appropriate alternative.

In the 18th century B. C. , the death penalty was first used in a code called the “Code of King Hamburg of Babylon”‘ which lists how a person can be put to death If he or she does not obey the rules. In historical times, when a person was sentence to death, people would throw a stone at the person’s head, hung by the neck, or be drowned. In the 19th century, the laws for the death penalty had changed by lowering the severity of crimes that were considered eligible for capital punishment.

The united States’ death penalty originated from Great Britain. In the sass, the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty should be removed from reactive. A few years later, the U. S. Supreme Court reinstated the use of the death someone who has mental illness or retardation. The death penalty is the maximum penalty to remove criminals from society, which is controversial. Many people believe that criminals should die if they murder another human being. Even the Bible refers to people who murder others should be punished. Executions are too Costly-Morally’ by Helen Prepare have stated that, It is abundantly clear that the Bible depicts murder as a crime for which death is considered the appropriate punishment, and one is hard pressed to find a biblical proof text” in either the Hebrew Testament or the New Testament which unequivocally refutes it. By killing the criminal, it would save other people from being murdered by the same person. All over the world, crimes are being committed, whether it is intentional, unintentional, or with criminal intent of harming others.

The crime a person committed will determine if he or she is eligible for the death penalty in countries that utilize it. For example, in Wisconsin, a man name Steven Avery was accused and sentence to death for killing a 36-year-old physical fitness instructor (Possess). In countries that don’t offer the death penalty, the criminals might be sentenced to life in prison without parole (Reinhardt). How effective is the death penalty? For one thing, it would show that criminals are not wanted in society.

Crimes will not go down when someone is put in prison or sentenced to death whether or not the countries offer the death penalty. There is always someone there to take away another human being’s life or criminals somehow escape from prison with a possibility of harming another human being Just to get away. When the criminal shoots someone, the person might receive the death penalty, which is more costly than life sentence without parole. In the United States, the death penalty costs more then states that don’t have the death penalty. “Last year, New Jersey, which spent 10. Million dollars annually on maintaining the death penalty became the first state to abolish the practice since the death penalty was reinstated by the U. S. Supreme Court in 1976” (Carter). The taxpayers shouldn’t have to pay that much money Just to keep the criminals in Jail where they can receive free health care, food, and whatever else they want before they are put to death. The law is so kind to criminals instead of toward the victims. The money can be better spent for our community to protect the people. Wouldn’t it be better to Just put the criminal who has committed a serious crime away in prison for life without parole?

The life sentence costs less and the criminal wouldn’t be worrying about whether or not it would be possible to leave Jail. The criminal can sit in the Jailhouse wondering about their life or feel remorse for their victims. What is the cost to keep criminals lock up? In Supreme Court Decision Brings Focus to Death Penalty Policy by James Clark stated that, “The largest single expense comes from the extra cost of housing people n death row, which is $90,000 more per year per inmate than general prison housing”. There could be a possibility that the criminal could die before being executed.

In “The Death Penalty” David Brick states “The death penalty states are also learning that the death penalty is easier to advocate than it is to administer” (Brick, par. 12). Therefore, the criminal would be better off to die of Yet, the murders have several methods of execution depending on their location in their country; to die in a less painful way where it is done in a blink of an eye (Lloyd 3). The United States Constitution protects everyone from cruel and unusual enmeshment regardless of the criminal action toward his or her victims.

Each state that has the death penalty offers at least two different methods of execution. In the standard method of lethal injection used in the United States, the prisoner lies strapped to a gurney, a catheter with an intravenous line attached is inserted into his vein, and three drugs are injected into the line by executioners hidden behind a wall. The first drug is an anesthetic (sodium Ethiopians), followed by a paralytic agent (pandemonium bromide), and, finally, a drug that causes the heart to stop beating (potassium chloride) (Lloyd 1). After the murderer passes away, the victim’s family can move on.

The criminal’s family might feel sorry for the victim’s family but at the same time would feel hate and anger toward the Justice system. However, when a criminal is sentenced to life in prison, they could be overcome by guilt, and perhaps wish to apologize to the victim’s family for their crime and hope for forgiveness. The criminal’s family could come and visit him or her in Jail without any worries of a possible death row. The criminal chose to harm others with intentional or unintentional crimes. It was their free will to choose their own crimes or no crimes at all.

No one has told the person to chop up the victim’s body and toss it somewhere where no one can find it. No one has said to shoot someone in public or a drive-by shooting to sharpen his or her shooting skills. Others might disagree because society might have made the person feel unwanted and that he or she thinks no one will respect him or her. The person feels like he or she should get back at society Just for revenge. They could feel that life is no good and what better way to not have to pay for anything then to be in jail where everything there is free.

Most criminals don’t feel sorry for the crimes they have committed. The mostly likely reason is that the criminals feel like they are no longer whom they are. When the criminals are sent to death row, they show no feelings what so ever. It would give them a chance to talk about their views of the world or that the death penalty is unjust. If they think that the death penalty is so wrong, why commit serious crimes in the first place? Could they really be rehabilitated Just moments from death and believe that life is worth living?

The death penalty should be removed from use. In the United States, politicians use hard on crime policies to show that they are tough on criminals who have omitted harsh crimes on other human beings. Innocent people might be executed by accident. After days, months, or years later after the person is dead, the court could find the person not guilty of crimes committed by showing proof and forensic analysis. The lawyers or police officers might withhold information that the innocent person shouldn’t be sentence to death.

For example, in “The Innocent Project” of information came up with 16 excuses to defend his innocence. The person could be sentenced to death based on a mistaken identity where the innocent person would have to pay for the real murderer’s crime. In April of 2002, attorneys for the Wisconsin Innocence Project at the University of Wisconsin obtained a court order for DNA testing of 13 pubic hairs recovered from Bergsten at the time of the crime. On September 10, 2003, the Wisconsin Crime Laboratory reported that the hair belonged to Gregory Allen (Possess).

Putting someone on death row doesn’t bring the victim back. Others would argue that by putting the criminal on death row that we are the same as the criminal in harming human beings. My argument for keeping capital punishment is that it can provide a safer environment for us. How many times has something like this appeared in a national television show or newspapers about a recently captured killer walks free from death because he planned the whole murder plot purposely in a state where capital punishment do not exist?

I bet many of us have either heard of it or seen it before. Many killers plan their plots ahead of time, because they know even if they get caught by the policeman they are not going to be faced with a capital punishment. It is simply due to the fact that many states in the America have not yet legalized capital punishment. As sad as it is, it is even more depressing that though we operate in democracy, one of the finest government? We still have holes in our system.

When the killers are captured in the states without capital punishment the highest type of sentence they can be punished with is a life in prison. Are they really done causing harm in our society? One who is a killer will always be a killer and even if they are in prison their next target could be the inmates or the guards. What is the difference between one life sentence and two to the prisoners, when an average human is only going to live no more than one hundred year? One of the many reason or a killer for returning to murder again is recidivism.

Recidivism is from someone who had the tendency “To return to a previous pattern of behavior, especially to return to criminal habits” (dictionary). According to Koch’s essay in 1981, there are 91 police officers killed while in duty and the cases that were solved showed that seven percent of the convicts had a history of homicide. Also in Koch’s essay in between 1976 and 1977 in the Big Apple, 85 persons arrested for homicide had a previous arrest for murder, six had two previous arrests for murder and one had four previous murder arrests.

What happens to those who get out after such short times of imprisonment? As stated before the killers are most likely to kill again. What should we do? We should enforce capital punishment in our country and in every state. There are no perfect men in this world but in order to protect the others we need to eliminate those who are reactivated to kill, we need to look at the bigger picture for the greater good. There will always be a never-ending issue on how effective the death penalty is. I imagine that killing their loved one’s murderer will not mend their broken hearts.

Killing criminals can be seen in the earliest times of world history, and the death notice the seriousness of a crime and the valuable of life. The death penalty can be very controversial on the history of the death penalty, worldwide use of the death penalty, and the possibility of killing someone who is innocent. When we executed a death penalty, we are making an example out of one prisoner. The message that the government officials wished to send out to the other criminals and civilians is that there will be penalty for a crime and those we don’t value others life will be punished.

Death penalty

People who support the death penalty would argue that the death penalty deters people from murder because they are scared of being sentenced to death. It might scare some people, but the vast majority of murders would kill anyway, for most murders are not rationalizing their actions. Also, according to some being sentenced to life is a worse punishment than the death penalty for death would put them out of their misery. The life sentence is Just as bad as a death sentence, so why have the death penalty at all? The death penalty Is not beneficial. It only creates problems.

Within the United States over the years there has been much Improvement with the death penalty. Many states have abolished the death penalty altogether. Seventeen states have abolished the death penalty, while thirty-three states still have the death penalty. Although there are more states with the death penalty than not, it is improvement because it’s better that not all the states have the death penalty. The death penalty is diminishing in the United States. “More than half the U. S. Public now prefers alternatives over the death penalty as the best punishment for the crime of murder.

In the United States the methods of executions we use include lethal injection, electrocution, gas chamber, hanging and firing squad, but the most commonly used method Is lethal injection. Only one state, Oklahoma uses the firing squad as a death sentence and only two states use hanging, New Hampshire and Washington. Lethal Injection Is looked upon as the most painless method. “In states that use the three-drug protocol the Inmate Is Injected with sodium Ethiopians or Phenobarbital, anesthetics Intended to put the Inmate to sleep.

Presumably after a member of the intravenous team determines the inmate is sufficiently unconscious, yeses and stops the inmate’s breathing. In most cases, the inmate’s consciousness is again checked, and finally potassium chloride stops his heart. ” (PARAPHRASE) The whole process is pretty painless for the victim, for when the lethal injection is put into the victim’s body he is asleep, unconscious, so he does not feel anything. Instead of making the victim suffer over the years this process has been discovered that is much less violent, causing the victim very little pain.

The death penalty dates way back to 1608. “The first recorded execution in the new colonies was that of Captain George Kendall in the Jamestown colony of Virginia in 1608. ” It was presumably brought to the United States from Britain. The fact that the use of the death penalty is decreasing shows that the death penalty is not looked upon as a good procedure. Internationally the death penalty is also decreasing. The United Nations is trying to produce a resolution that supports the abolishment of the death penalty.

Although there are countries that have not yet abolished the death penalty altogether, “The vast majority of countries in Western Europe, North America and South America ? more than 139 nations worldwide ? have abandoned capital enmeshment in law or in practice. ” There are 195 known independent countries around the world, therefore if you compare the number of countries with the death penalty to the number of countries without the death penalty, the percentage of countries without the death penalty is higher. (WHAT IS THE PERCENT? There are many other ways to punish criminals, but death is not the answer. Of the 195 countries in the world, 193 of them are part of the United Nations and since the United Nations is striving towards abolishment of the death penalty demonstrating that the death penalty is wrong. The United Nations is an international organization f countries set up to promote international peace, security and economic development, therefore if the United Nations is striving to abolish the death penalty it is to protect and create international stability.

Complete abolishment of the death penalty is the United Nations ultimate goal, however such success will probably not be achieved for a long time. While the death penalty in general is immoral and should be eliminated there are some benefits of the death penalty. Some people believe that such a harsh punishment will deter people from committing such horrid crimes, such as murder. In some ways that could be true but for the most part murders know their consequences and come to terms with them before they commit the murder.

Technology has helped with the accuracy of DNA testing before charging criminals with a crime. “With new technology and DNA testing we can be extra certain that the true criminal will be put to death. ” The families of the victims of a murderer they can be granted peace of mind after the murderer is put to death. Again this could be argued the other way. The whole process for a murder to be sentenced to death prolongs the family’s mourning and the cost is so great that some loud say it is not even worth the agony.

Instead of using money to pay for the court dates they could use the money to help them through their sorrow or for counseling. “The death penalty is effective only when it is seen as an act of last resort, a final sorrowing act of society. ” There are many more negatives than benefits to the death penalty. The procedure to put someone to death actually costs more money than a life sentence, so why go dollars cheaper to grant someone a life sentence rather than a death sentence. There is also the possibility that innocents could be put to death as well.

Killing someone is immoral to begin with, however it is even more immoral to put an innocent person to death, and that has happened in the past; mistakes have been made. Another possibility is that we could be putting mentally ill people to death and, although, they might have committed the crime, in many ways it could be argued that is not their fault, for they are mentally ill. The death penalty is put in place to prevent murders, however many studies have been done and none have concluded that with the death penalty less murders are committed, than without the death penalty.

Most religions are opposing the death penalty. Therefore, most religious people do not believe in the death penalty. In the outlook of things the death penalty has more negatives than positives. The death penalty really should be abolished for there are way too many cons to keep it in place. My stance on the issue of the death penalty is to abolish it altogether. I would propose that the United Nations carry out their movement to gradually abolish the death penalty. Instead of saying that their plan is to abolish the death penalty rather make motions toward actually achieving their goal.

If the United Nations banded getter to make abolishing the death penalty as one of their main goals the process would move faster. The United Nations is of high power, therefore having a major impact on people. It is very pleasing to know that the United Nations have started this movement to ending the death penalty. “On November 19, 110 countries voted for a resolution at the United Nations General Assembly calling for a worldwide moratorium on executions as a step towards the abolition of the death penalty. Although though there were 39 countries opposed to this resolution it is a giant step towards the abolishment of the death penalty. The United Nations is Just one way to accomplish the goal of abolishing the death penalty. It is also the people within communities that could and should help raise awareness and support of the promotion of stopping the death penalty. As much as making people aware of the problem and having their support to abolish the death penalty would help because ultimately it is the people that are voting for or against the death penalty.

We already have abolished the death penalty in seventeen states and we have done so with the people voting against the death penalty. It is a working process. By making people aware of the facts and the negatives that come with the death penalty would most likely gain support. My belief is that people only want the death penalty because they are scared that more murders would take place if the death penalty were removed, however they do not know the statistics and facts. The facts say that there have been no more murders with states without the death penalty than ones with the death penalty.

In other words, all the facts say that the death penalty is more of a negative than a positive. Today, within the United States we use a two-court system for sentencing people o death. One Jury can no longer convict a person on trial for the death penalty. Instead it is now a rule that a criminal must go through two Juries in order to be convicted and sentenced to death. Additionally, there are times when a death penalty case involves the U. S. Supreme Court if there is a claim that the death Criminal prosecutions normally take place in state courts but sometimes later end up in federal court.

Kennedy vs.. Louisiana is one such case that initially took place in the Louisiana state court system but later ended up before the U. S. Supreme Court. Kennedy was convicted of raping his 8 year-old stepdaughter and sentenced to death because Louisiana law allowed the prosecutor to seek the death penalty for raping children under the age of twelve. The Louisiana Supreme Court affirmed the decision including the imposition of the death penalty. Kennedy appealed to the U. S.

Supreme Court because he alleged that the death penalty violated his constitutional rights under the Eight Amendment’s ban on cruel and unusual punishment by imposing the death penalty for the crime of child rape. The U. S. Supreme Court overturned Kennedy’s death sentence and stated that the Eighth Amendment bars dates from imposing the death penalty for the rape of a child where the crime did not result, and was not intended to result, in the child’s death. The U. S. Supreme Court stated that applying the death penalty in such a case would be an exercise of “cruel and unusual punishment. I agree with the Supreme Court’s decision not to sentence Kennedy to death. Although he did commit a horrid crime, he did not kill anyone. It would be wholly immoral to kill someone for a crime that did not end in murder. My stance is that the death penalty is never morally right and it would be even more immoral to sentence someone to death when no one died. Atkins vs.. Virginia is another state case where there was a question of whether or not his conviction violated the Eight Amendment. Daryl Render Atkins was convicted for capital murder, abduction and armed robbery.

The defense argued that Atkins was mildly mentally retarded. The defense relied solely on one psychologist who testified and said that Atkins was in fact mildly mentally retarded. A second trial on the penalty phase was held and also came down with the death penalty. In the second trial, the prosecutor had a witness testify that the defendant was not mildly retarded. The case was then appealed to the U. S. Supreme Court based on a claim that it would violate the Eight Amendment to sentence a criminal to death even with a slight possibility that the criminal was mentally retarded.

The Supreme Court ruled that the Eight Amendment prohibits execution of any mentally retarded persons. It is consider, “cruel and unusual punishment. ” Again my belief is that putting anyone to death is morally wrong and it is especially wrong to put to death someone with mental disabilities. The State Courts’ rulings to put Atkins to death were, thus, in my opinion morally wrong. Racism is also a big factor in death penalty cases. Davis verse Georgia is a case where Troy Davis, a black male was accused and convicted for killing a white police officer.

There was no physical evidence found proving that Davis actually did commit the murder. The entire case was based solely of testimony. There was a very high possibility that the people put on the stand to give their testimony identifying Davis as the killer were pressured by the prosecutors, therefore their testimony may have been false. No matter how or why is wrong. The Catholic church would say, “thou shall not kill. ” Killing in any form is against the Bible. If when the Bible was written, people believed hat killing was immoral, then so should people of today.

Murder of any kind is always wrong according to most religions and I have to agree. Never has there been any benefit from killing someone. With the death penalty there is only problems that arise. The cons outweigh the pros for the death penalty. There are multiple reasons as to why the death penalty is horrid. Nothing good ever comes out of putting someone to death, therefore why have it? The death penalty should be abolished. We need to strive to end the death penalty throughout the entire world. Movements need to make in order to achieve this goal.

Death Penalty

The Death Penalty The cause of the death penalty more often then not Is politically Inspired. Fear has long been a favored method for controlling the population. In the case of the execution of those found guilty of murder in developed countries such as The USA , where the motivation is simply political. More votes are gained by appealing to the sense of Justice exhibited in the lower educated classes than are to be gained by appealing to those that are more educated and trained in the exercise of reasoning.

It is one of the failings of democracy. The effect of the death penalty Is that if a person Is a murderer he or she has nothing to lose by killing to cover their crime. No murderer commits a crime and Intends to do the time. The death penalty remains as one of the controversial issues not only in the United States but in the whole world as well. The death penalty has articulated itself as a debate characterized by rhetoric of pro death penalty ideals and con death penalty assertions.

It should be noted that the debate on death penalty is not new In the world considering that death penalty has been used as a method of punishing Iranians since time immemorial, although it may have gained momentum in the 20th century with enactment of human rights charter. For example, records on death penalty shows that the first man to receive this capital punishment was Daniel Frank, in the 1 5th century.

However, it is important to note that Justification of death penalty varies from one society to the other and in contemporary world where everyone thinks the world is more liberalized than ever, death penalty Is likely to receive support and criticism from different quarters In the society. Debate on death penalty s mainly constructed in realm of the causes and the effects it has on the society. Those in support of death penalty mainly considers the causes while those in opposed to death penalty mostly consider the effects it has on the society, although both side borrows from causes and effects in articulating their claims.

Unless the amicable solution is reached on alternate punishment that equals capital crimes, the debate on death penalty will not be erased from public debate agenda In the near future. The main cause of death penalty has to do with making retribution. In whichever way death penalty is considered, it is evident that the main reason why the society has perpetrated with this controversial form of punishment is individuals who have committed capital crime have to receive similar punishment that equals their crime (Smith 104).

Tracing historical development of death penalty, It can be realized that with time, it became a common form of punishment that ensured that those who had committed crimes that were not forgivable by the society received equal form of punishment. Death penalty is deeply rooted in Justice as articulated by natural law UT it also goes against the same law. According to natural rights theory, “every person has the right to live and should not be denied this right either by government or any other manmade law”(Menelaus line 23).

However, death penalty Is used as degree murder. “Death penalty is also against the same law because it involves taking away the life of the person which is against natural rights” Monsoons line 90). There is variation in administration of death penalty in the world depending on the degree of integration of human rights in the society. For example in China, anyone ho is convicted of drug trafficking will receive death penalty while in United States, only those who are convicted of first degree murder receive death penalty.

In addition, people who are convicted of business related crimes or other crimes that are likely to have effects on the larger society are likely to be convicted of death penalty in China. Therefore, the root causes of death penalty arise from retribution. One of the main arguments against death penalty based on the root causes has been wrong conviction. “There are thousands of people in the world who have wrongly aced the hangman noose though they were wrongly convicted” (Andrews line 62).

Therefore, although the root cause of death penalty is to punish individuals who have committed capital offences, this may not always be the case considering the number of people who are wrongly convicted. “The desired effect of death penalty on individuals and the society at large is deterrence, although more often than not, this is not achieved” (Menelaus line 63). In pursuit of retribution and restitution, the criminal Justice system uses death penalty to deter individuals from committing similar capital offences.

The desired effect is that when people see individuals receive death penalty for capital offence, they are likely to be deterred from committing the same crime. There is no major difference between the desired effects in other forms of punishment and death penalty because they all desire to deter the society from committing similar crimes. Although this desired effect is positive, death penalty usually has negative effects on the society. “If death penalty really deterred people from committing capital offences, then we should not have a row of convicts waiting to face the hangman’s noose”(Smith line).

One of the major effects of death penalty is on the society. According to sociology theories, every individual plays an important role in the society, being a child, a father, or a mother and as a member of the society. When this individual is taken away from the society, it means one part of the society is usually taken away (Andrews line 27). Death penalty causes a lot of disruption in the society. Losing one member of the society means that the roles that he or she used to play will have to be taken by other people and this leads to disorientation of individual roles in the society.

For example, when a married man is hanged, his family is left without a bread winner. This role has to be taken up by another person be it the mother, close relative, or the society at large. While this aspect may look at economic aspect alone, it is also important to consider the emotional effect this will have on children and their mother. The emotional support they used to get from their father will not be easily taken by another member of the society(Melissa). Therefore, one effect of death penalty is that it leads to disorientation of societal roles and causes a lot of disruption in the society.

Death penalty

Justifying punishment for thousands of years, giving criminals what they deserve. Some feel the death penalty Is wrong and lives shall never be taken by someone else’s hand. However, It could be that some are stronger willed than others, and others are overcome with hate and revenge. People were frightened by criminals therefore creating a permanent punishment and solution. The first established death penalty laws dating back to the Eighteenth Century In the Code of King Hamburg of Babylon, which was suitable for twenty five different crimes.

In the Seventh Century, Draconian Code of Athens made death the only punishment for all crimes. Roman law of the Twelve Tablets, in the Fifth Century, deaths were carried out by means of crucifixion, drowning, beating to death, burning alive, and impalement. As of July 2011, the United States had 3,251 inmates on death row. Only 1. 3% of death row inmates were executed that year; leaving more inmates imprisoned leading too factor of our countries debt. The cost to house an inmate is approximately $17,340 a year, that’s 54,967,800 to house the Inmates on death row alone.

More than 15,000 prisoners are convicted murderers In state prisons that should be on death row. State prison housing costs up to $20,000 a year per Inmate. Should a human get the rights heshe stripped their victims of, on top of It costing our country $300,000,000 to keep them alive? More prisoners means more prison budgets, which leads to higher taxes. 77% of a prisons population is released; 52 % return, which makes our country a more dangerous place to live. If we executed those who have killed, our country would be safer and wealthier.

However two wrongs don’t make a right. Killing a human convicted or not, is lowering down to their level and being looked at as their equal which makes our citizens feel guilty. Some believe that a prison is no longer a punishment but a rehabilitation center, hoping that one may come to ones senses and become a better Individual. Arguing capital punishment, Amnesty International says, “The death penalty is the ultimate denial of the state In the name of Justice. It violates the right to life. It Is the ultimate cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment.

There can never be any justification for torture or for cruel treatment. ” Is it justifying revoking their right to live as they did their victims? The way people feel about the death penalty is what’s stopping states to enforce it completely. Capital punishment was initially established to create peace among the people. Today, it has led too major factor in the counties debt, a raise In taxes, an unsafe environment and moral issues; In addition, has raised controversy with the “right to life” Liberal groups and the “eye for and eye” theory of the conservative groups. Death penalty By badge criminals what they deserve. Some feel the death penalty is wrong and lives shall ever be taken by someone else’s hand. However, it could be that some are stronger The first established death penalty laws dating back to the Eighteenth Century in leading to a factor of our countries debt. The cost to house an inmate is approximately $17,340 a year, that’s 54,967,800 to house the inmates on death row alone. More than 15,000 prisoners are convicted murderers in state prisons that should be on death row. State prison housing costs up to $20,000 a year per inmate.

Should a human get the rights hexes stripped their victims of, on top of it costing gadgets, which leads to higher taxes. 77% off prisons population is released; 52 % may come to ones senses and become a better individual. Arguing capital human rights. It is the premeditated and cold-blooded killing of a human being by the state in the name of Justice. It violates the right to life. It is the ultimate cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment. There can never be any Justification for torture Is it Justifying revoking their right to live as they did their among the people. Today, it has led too major factor in the counties debt, a raise in